Global Refugee Protection and Local Refugee Engagement
Lead, Center for Conflict Studies, Marburg University; funded by the Gerda-Henkel Foundation, estim. 05/2016-04/2018
The new research project is funded by Gerda Henkel Stiftung and is part of the Special Program ‘Security, Society and the State’. In the project ‘Global Refugee Protection and Local Refugee Engagement. Scope and Limits of the Agency of Refugee-led Community-based NGOs’, the aim is to analyze how refugees contribute to their protection.
Over the past three decades, refugees have been predominately framed in both academic and public discourses as passive and vulnerable victims in need of protection and assistance by external actors. Due to their vulnerability during flight and encampment they are frequently presented as subjected to – instead of agents of – their future, as a passive and homogeneous group, ignoring their different social, cultural, economic and political interests and background. Although the refugee regime is responsible for the protection and thus security of refugees, refugees often face poor living conditions and experience diverse forms of violence while in camps or other settings. However, it has been widely neglected to look into ways through which refugees go beyond the institutionalized protection to support their own security. This is where the research project starts.
The objective of the project is to analyze how refugees engage in their safety. In particular, the focus is on how refugees contribute to their protection through local community-based organizations led by refugees. Thus, agency and resilience of refugees are fundamental in the research. In order to explore conditions, field research is conducted in a refugee camp and urban context in Uganda.
Gender Relations in Confined Spaces
Research Fellow, Center for Conflict Studies, Marburg University; funded by the German Foundation for Peace Research, 09/2013 – 04/2016
Under the lead of Prof. Susanne Buckley-Zistel, the research project entitled Gender Relations in Confined Spaces. Conditions, Scope and Forms of Violence against Women in Conflict-related Refugee Camps focuses on the nexus between displacement, gender relations and sexual violence in order to analyse the continuum of violence in post-conflict contexts or beyond the remits of war zones. This is based on the argument that many women experience violence in the context of armed conflicts differently since it often occurs outside of the temporal and spatial scopes of violent conflicts. Dichotomies such as before vs. after a cease-fire, public war zones vs. private homes, and enemy combatants vs. trustworthy family members are difficult to maintain. If and how this is manifested in conflict-related refugee camps is therefore an important contribution to gender perspectives in peace and conflict studies.
Our point of departure is the assumption that refugee camps are confined spaces in which gender relations are (re-)negotiated and (re-)defined. This happens within the categories men or women (homosocially) as well as between the categories men and women (heterosocially). Based on Raewyn Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity, we assume that life in refugee camps is accompanied by a subjectively perceived degradation of masculinity, which is compensated by using violence against women in the private sphere. The research project seeks to empirically analyse if this is the case. In order to collect empirical data, the project employs a mix of methods from different social science perspectives that promises the best insights into micro- and meso-levels. The field research is based on a composition of participatory observation, problem-oriented and ethnographic interviews, ero-epic dialogues, and group discussions. The triangulation of different methods is to serve the validation of results and to obtain additional insights.